Nataka Sahithyam-1

This book has 6 Dramas in Telugu. They are

1. Ruthwik

2. Kalakootam

3. Kurchi

4. Puliswary

5. Hiranya Garba

6. Kinchit Bogam



1. Ruthwik:

It is a very popular and experimental play in Telugu.  The play had won ‘Telugu University Literary award’ in 2002.  It was also prescribed in the syllabus as Indo-Anglian Literature for MA students in AU to teach them an inevitable need for ethical living in the modern context.  Ruthwik, a saint, is the central character who satirically, highlights the evils of the society by interluding in the main story, at appropriate places.  Ruthwik is the one who performs yagna.  In this play, the writer compares human life with yagna and laments that the prospects of yagna (yagna phala) are unfortunately not enjoyed by man.


Manmada Rao, a corrupt officer accumulates wealth with all the malpractice on earth and becomes a prey to the greedy of his daughter, son and lastly his wife too.  Finally he realizes! But alas! by that time life comes to an end. Watching all this Ruthwik says “Spiritual outlook is not something which you can safely postpone till old age.  It should be cultivated from childhood itself, even before that, when one is still in his/her mother womb.  Yes – it is true! Abhimanyu learns how to enter Padma Vyuham from his mother’s womb! Prahlada also learns Narayana Mantra when he was in his mother’s womb!


The play has been performed number of times in the nook and corner of the state and gained acclaim from the audience, critics and the media.

This was also translated by the writer himself into English as Ruthwik..


2. Kalakootam:

It is another important largely acclaimed play of Vizai Bhaskar.  The title of the play has mythical relevance and it is used as the symbol to signify the state of the people in Indian democracy.  Kaalakootam is the venom which emerged from the ocean at the time of Sagar Madhan (churning of the ocean) by Gods and demons.  Lord Shiva drank this Kaalakoota halahalam and protected the universe from extinction.  He also held that deadly poison in his throat instead of swallowing it lest he would also be affected.


Protagonist, in this play, Sri Rajaramdas realizes that the Indian electorate are also holding the evil deeds of the leaders which are more poisonous than Kaalakootam in their throats, like Lord Shiva, with maximum levels of forbearance and opens their eyes to the truth and urges them not to hold the venom for a long time for it kills them.


The play is revolutionary in experimentation and through this play many new techniques were introduced on Telugu stage.  It captured number of awards including ‘Andhra Nataka Kala Parishad’ award which is considered very prestigious platform of all Drama competitions.


3. Kurchee (The Chair):

This drama bagged Nandi award in the year 1999 in the competitions held by the Government of Andhra Pradesh.  It comprehensively deals with the subject of political reservations given to the Dalits (untouchables) in India.  Though the policy of reservation has empowered the Dalits to some extent there are still lacunae to be filled in the process of their implementation.  The author skillfully portrayed how power has been given to Dalits and other Backward communities for name sake and in reality the unequal and undemocratic social and economic conditions are making the democratic political power toothless and useless.


The play was designed making Narasaiah, a Dalit Sarpanch as the central character. Around him the pitiable, unhygienic conditions prevalent in Dalit colonies were also well depicted.  Every character in this play stands as a testimony to reality and the dialogues they utter come from their hearts duly stimulated by the harsh conditions in which they ought to live.


The play has been translated into English as ‘The Chair’ by the writer himself.  It has been translated into Bengali as Kursi (chair) by Asit Mukerjee into Hindi as Kursi by Smt Santha Sundari into Gujarati as ‘Khel Kurshi no’ by Sri Yogesh Trikmani and into Tamil as ‘Narkali’ by Dr. Satyavani.  It has been getting a lot of applause from the audience both in Telugu and other languages


4. Puli Swary (Riding Tiger):

This play has been translated into English by Vizai Bhaskar himself as ‘Riding the Tiger’.


The play deals with a peculiar criminal trend of ‘Factionism’ prevalent in Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh.  In this region vengeance nurtures and grows through generations between feudal Land lord families and serial murders will take place avenging the older ones.  In these faction feuds innocent people belonging to weaker sections in the name of followers and henchmen are the terminal victims. Factionism is like riding the tiger.  Once anyone get on to it, for one reason or the other, he can never get down.  If he tries to get down the tiger kills him, even if he does not get down also he will die – riding the Tiger continuously. So through this play the writer persuades the followers, the henchmen of the Factionist leaders not to get trapped between the devil and the deep sea for the sake of feudal loyalty.


This play has been enacted more than 150 times in those areas soaked in blood due to the factionist violence.

Many incidents of the audience responding proactively to the play have been reported in the press.


This is a very very powerful play written in recent times aiming at social change that has brought about change in the thought process and the mindset of the viewers, who include those involved in the thick of the criminal activity.


The play was also exclusively performed for hard core factionists and they in some places confessed openly that their path was wrong.  In a village P. Kota Konda of Kurnool district, 50 widows (wives of henchmen) of the factionist violence happened to see the play and burst into tears, when one of the factionist follower was killed on the stage.


In one of the leading Telugu News papers it was reported that the police in plain cloths used to move around the stage, wherever it was performed, to gauge the impact of the play and to avert untoward incidents.

6.  Kinchit Bhogam :

This play had won Golden Nandi in the year 1999 from the Government of Andhra Pradesh.  It also bagged awards for best actor, comedian, actress etc.  The Title has been borrowed from a Sanskrit sloka.  Though it sounds mythological, it brings home so impressively the universal truth that a man or woman craving too much for money becomes monstrous in nature.


While the element of luxury makes you happy momentarily and then perishes; displeasure embraces you firmly and remains forever there! In the search for wealth, we are embracing sorrow and agony.  This is the main theme of the play and got admiration from all sections of the society.